Lesson Plan For Teaching English – Free Essay Examples

Lesson Plan For Teaching English

Introduction

Teachers take the most crucial role not only in developing the minds of the students, but also in keeping the students interested and motivated to learn. Hence, the plan, processes and the very execution of the teacher’s plan should always be focused on the students.

Motivation is classically defined as the kind of force that account for the arousal, selection, direction, and continuation of behavior. As long as a student chooses goals and expends a certain amount of effort to achieve them, he is, by definition, motivated. As a teacher, what you can do is create the circumstances that influence students to do what you want them to do.

To be an effective educator, it is not enough that one knows how to teach the subject but also one must learn to keep and maintain the power of enhancing the students’ ability and skills through motivation. And as a teacher, he/she must know how to deal with various kinds of students. He/she must be well aware on how to be objective in his/her treatment keeping up with his ultimate goal, which is to teach and help develop the students in any way possible.

Moreover, to facilitate an effective and productive learning experience for the students, it is strictly recommended that proper planning must be done. That is why there is a term commonly used by teachers – lesson plan.

Doing the lesson plan is not an easy task, but it is really a must for teachers. This involves 1) establishing learning objectives based upon identified educational needs of the specific group of students; 2) identifying the components that the teacher him/herself wants to cover per session; and 3) assembling specific methods and activities in a coherent design that might be compared to a movie script (Goad, 1982). Once the lesson plan is finalized, it is now the teacher’s concern to execute properly and orderly what has been planned.

There are other aspects that need to be maintained in a classroom discussion so as to facilitate a good learning outcome. These aspects are discussed below:

How then do you get a balanced program?

Maintaining a balanced program is not an easy task. The educator or learning facilitator will always have to think for the successful learning outcome while managing to have a fun and exciting learning undertaking for the students. It must be noted that the students should not only learn from the subject, but they must also enjoy while doing it. Thus, it is strongly recommended for any educators to use a variety of instructional materials that would enhance the quality of teaching. The use of visual aids, over head projectors, power point presentations and even video presentations are some of the most effective instructional materials. These materials are proven able to enhance the students’ interest to the subject matter and at the same time proven effective in getting the message across to the students.

How do you decide theory first, or application first, or a mixture?

Another challenge for the educators is making a right choice on what kind of teaching approach to use: decide theory first, application first, or a mixture. As a teacher, he/she must know how to be flexible in the way he/she teaches. The teacher must know how to adapt with the various qualities and attributes of the students as well as with the kind subject he/she is to teach. By maintaining an objective analysis with and every student coupled with the full understanding of the subject matter, decision on whether to use the mixture of theory and application or just the theory or application can be managed easily.

Should you use ‘games’ to reinforce learning?

Games are good breather for the students. This does not only enhances successful learning outcome, but this also offers an opportunity for the teacher and the students to get really bonded.

Indeed, games reinforce learning. Some of the good games that can be used at school are word games, treasure hunt and puzzles.

The Lesson Plan

Below is a suggested lesson plan to be facilitated to a specific type or group of learners. The objective of the learning session (as suggested in the lesson plan) are:

  1. To enhance students’ awareness of each others’ need for learning as well as the teachers’ expectation from them.
  2. To motivate the students to share what they know and what they want to know.
  3. To impart knowledge on students specifically on how they can learn English.

Learning Session

Playing the “Second Life” Game

Objectives:

  1. Students will learn how to play “the second life” game, enjoy it and learn valuable lessons while playing
  2. Students will be able to incorporate creativity as part of their learning
  3. Students will appreciate basic tenets of entrepreneurship through the virtual community. They will know the basic marketing strategies like setting the 3 Ps (place, people, product) they will be able to sell their product to the target customer and achieve the set goal/income.
  4. Students will be able to write essays, stories, speeches, as part of the “second life” game thru the marketplace. They will know how to write an outline (topic and/or sentence outline) when planning how to promote their products.

They will know how and where to write a main idea and supporting statements when promoting their product in the “Second life – Marketplace” game.

  1. Students will be able to speak proper English when selling their products in the “Marketplace” of the “Second Life” game.
  2. They will know proper pronunciation of words commonly used in selling.
  3. They will understand how to stress a word or a statement when selling to their customers.

Approach

Since the targeted students will be a group of high school students, we could say that there would be big differences in the student’s personalities, traits and intellectual capacities. This uniqueness on each student will be the better reinforcement for them to play the “Second Life” game, particularly the marketplace.

Each student will be asked to download the “Second Life” game from the website and then create a person which will represent themselves. This virtual person will join a particular community to the student’s liking. Each one will then be tasked to create their own house. The design of each house should reflect each student’s creativity.

And then once the teacher feel that the students have familiarized themselves on how to run and play the “second life” game, the teacher will then tasked each student to starting their own business inside the virtual community they have joined with. Each student will be tasked to sell a certain product. Student can choose any product to sell, as long as they know how to sell it and they are comfortable selling it. The purpose of this ‘selling’ task is to teach the student on how to socialize and communicate to other people, even through the virtual community. They will also learn how to sell or market a product. Their creativity will be hastened. The way they talked with other ‘people’ will be improved.

To give the students how to market and sell their product, the teacher will teach these topics:

  • Various approaches of marketing a product:  advertising through various media (print, radio and TV) and word – of – mouth.
  • Selling techniques: personal selling and online selling.

Then, the teacher will show (one by one) three articles from current journals or newspapers – one editorial, one headline and one sports news article.

Before the teacher shows each sample she will discuss first about the main idea and supporting statement of a paragraph.

  • Main idea is the central them of each paragraph. It can be located in the beginning, in the middle or at the end of the paragraph.
  • Supporting statements are those sentences that ‘support’ the main idea.
  • Then the teacher will proceed to discuss the two different articles.

News headline:

  • When discussing the news headline, the teacher will tackle about the basic parts of the news – the lead. The lead answers the 5 W’s and 1 H (who, where, when, why, which and how). It depends on the level of importance which comes first, e.g. If the person or the subject is the most important then “who” will come first.

The teacher will also highlight the main ideas and supporting statements of each paragraph in the news article.

Editorial:

  • When discussing the editorial, the teacher will also tackle the basic description of an editorial and how it differs from a news story. (News story is straight forward reporting of what is happening while editorial is a combination of news and opinion of the writer.)

The teacher will also highlight the main ideas and supporting statements of each paragraph in the editorial article.

Then the teacher will ask each student to write an outline on how they plan to promote their products. Also, students will be tasked to write speeches and other marketing platforms which will not only show their creativity but also what they have learned from the lessons given by the teacher.

Each student will be expected to write an effective advertisement for their product with an effective main idea with equally effective supporting statements. Afterwards, the teacher will task the students to actually promote and sell their products in the virtual community (or in the marketplace of the “second life” game). In promoting and selling, the person that they have created should confidence in pronouncing various marketing terminologies. They should be able to provide the correct stress and/or intonations for each of the word they are to use to effectively sell their products.

At the end of this learning session, the teacher will give two different awards to the student: “The Most creative House” and “The Highest Income” awards to which of course will be awarded to two students with the most creative or best-looking house and to student with the highest earning.

Conclusion

Maintaining a good education outcome – for both the students’ and the teachers’ sake – is not an easy task. The educator or learning facilitator will always have to think for the successful learning outcome while managing to have a fun and exciting learning undertaking for the students. It must be noted that the students should not only learn from the subject, but they must also enjoy while doing it. Thus, it is strongly recommended for any educators to use a variety of instructional materials that would enhance the quality of teaching. The use of visual aids, over head projectors, power point presentations and even video presentations are some of the most effective instructional materials. These materials are proven able to enhance the students’ interest to the subject matter and at the same time proven effective in getting the message across to the students.

Another challenge for the educators is making a right choice on what kind of teaching approach to use: decide theory first, application first, or a mixture. As a teacher, he/she must know how to be flexible in the way he/she teaches. The teacher must know how to adapt with the various qualities and attributes of the students as well as with the kind subject he/she is to teach. By maintaining an objective analysis with and every student coupled with the full understanding of the subject matter, decision on whether to use the mixture of theory and application or just the theory or application can be managed easily.

Lastly, there are some general guidelines that a teacher must bear in mind so as to maintain a successful learning outcome for the students, These include:

  1. Using behavioral techniques to help students exert themselves and work toward remote goals.
  2. Making sure that students know what they are to do, how to proceed, and how to determine when they have achieved goals.
  3. Ensuring that deficiency needs are being satisfied – physiological, safety, belongingness, and esteem: Accommodate the instructional program to the physiological needs of the students. Make the classroom physically and psychologically safe. Show the students that that teacher is taking an interest in them and that they belong in the classroom. Arrange learning experiences so that all students can gain at least a degree of esteem.
  4. Enhancing the attractions while minimizing the dangers of growth choices.
  5. Directing the learning activities toward feelings of success in an effort to encourage an orientation toward achievement, a positive self-concept, and a strong sense of self-efficacy: Make use of objectives that are challenging but attainable and, when appropriate, that involve student input. Provide knowledge of results by emphasizing the positive.
  6. Encouraging the development of need achievement, self-confidence, and self-direction in students who need these qualities: Use achievement-motivation training techniques. Use cooperative-learning methods.
  7. Making the learning experience more interesting by emphasizing activity, investigation, adventure, social interaction, and usefulness

Indeed the success of any learning endeavor, or classroom-based teaching for that matter, is not solely dependent on the students’ intellect but on the way an educator or the teacher facilitate the learning.

Works Cited

Bruner, J. (1996). The Culture of Education, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

“Motivation”. 1997.Excerpted from Chapter 11 of Biehler/Snowman, PSYCHOLOGY APPLIED TO TEACHING, 8/e, Houghton Mifflin. 2004.

“Robert Glaser: Contribution to Instructional Design”. [online]. Web.

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UniPapers. (2021, October 19). Lesson Plan For Teaching English. Retrieved from https://unipapers.org/free-essay-examples/lesson-plan-for-teaching-english/

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UniPapers. 2021. "Lesson Plan For Teaching English." October 19, 2021. https://unipapers.org/free-essay-examples/lesson-plan-for-teaching-english/.

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UniPapers. (2021) 'Lesson Plan For Teaching English'. 19 October.